The earliest recorded history was about the famous Mulavarman of Kutai in
Then we have Purnavarman of West Java. He left inscription on stone with image of Vishnupada sculpted on it. His kingdom’s name Tarumanagara reminds us with Lord Vishnu. Taruma is another name of Tulasi, the holy basil, beloved of Vishnu. Some Agamic form of worship and Pauranic styled Vaishnavism gain their glory. After the tremendous growth of Buddhism in
The Sailendra of
There’s no time in Nusantara, that non-theistic concept ever seriously accepted. So even Nusantara’s Buddhism hardly showed non-theistic belief of Theravada. The whole spiritual belief of Indonesian at that time was accepting One Supreme Deity, called by different names, comprehended by various theological and philosophical views. This concept only found in Jagannath-dharma of present day Orissa. The religious believes of Indonesian, once again was Kalinga in nature.
The worship of Trinatha as manifested form of Parabrahman found it most perfect form in the cult of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra. Here Jagannath representing Vishnu, Balabhadra-Siva, and Subhadra-Brahma. This belief of Subhadra as Brahma in disguised form was described by the devotee-poet of the Lord, Sri Yasobanta das. He has presented in this connection in his Premabhakti Brahma Gita that when Brahma was making out a divine plan to create the universe, Mother Earth, the potential force of Yogamaya Shakti, wished to have divine union with him for the above purpose and accordingly approached Brahma with a fervent appeal on this score. Brahma was dismayed at the appeal of Mother Earth. He curtly turned down her offer. After all, Goddess Earth, being the replica of Yogamaya Shakti, had the status of divine mother in relation to Brahma. How could he accept such an unusual proposal? The very thinking of a phenomenon like the above was a pernicious sin. However Goddess Earth was cross with Brahma for his avowed denial. She cursed Brahma saying "Oh, the creator of the universe! By disagreeing to a sacred divine cause, you have displayed utmost disrespect to the women-class in general. So, as a consequence of your unwanted action, you will descend in the universe in the form of a woman.
Brahma was stupendously flabbergasted, never expecting such a catastrophe to befall him for a rightful action on his part. Lord Vishnu however appeared before him at this stage to say that his appearance on earth is tethered to a divine purpose. Vishnu said, 'in Kali Yuga, when I would appear in the form of Jagannath, you would be worshipped by my side as Subhadra. People won't know that you are Brahma in the form of Subhadra.' This is the secret about the divine appearance of Subhadra as Brahma on the Ratnavedi of the
The three denominations of Vaishnava, Saiva, and Sakta also found their harmony in this Trimurti form as Jagannath is the Supreme God of Vaishnavas, Balabhadra is of Saiva, and Subhadra is of Sakta. Then the Vajrayana Buddhist, historically originated from Indrabhuti of Sambhala (Sambalpur) in Orissa, considered the Trimurti as their Tri Ratna, Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha. The Jnanasiddhi of Indrabhuti clearly showed that Jagannath is the Original (Adi) Buddha worshipped by Vajrayana sect of Buddhism. This Adi Buddha concept found in Mantrayana-Vajrayana is focused on Jagannath-Buddha. Then the Jagannath-Buddha of Orissan Vajrayana found His way to Nusantara as the cult of Mahavairochana, before it reach
So Indonesian Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Buddhism found their way to common people in the form of Trinatha worship, since Vaishnavism hold Narayana as the source of Trinatha, Saivism hold Paramasiva as their source, and Buddhism hold The Adi Buddha. Narayana, Paramasiva, and Adi Buddha are actually one in identity with Lord Jagannath of Orissa. The great temple called Parambrahman (Prambanan) in